The Info Monkey aims to bring you posts that are interesting, informative, intriguing, exciting, or thought provoking without regard for genre or category. Thoughtful discussion is always welcome; ranting or vitriol are not. Follow on twitter (@TheInfoMonkey), tumblr (The Info Monkey), or Facebook (Kevin Murnane) for notification of new posts. I hope you find something of interest.
“It was (50) years ago today . . . “
Happy to watch 2016 recede in the rear-view mirror, I looked 50 years further back and thought that if memory serves, 1967 was a pretty good year for music. But did memory serve? If several decades carrying out scientific research into human memory taught me anything, it was that memory provides an unreliable window into the past. So I did some more research. It turned out my memory was good.
1967 was an extraordinary year for music. The Beatles stunned the listening and recording worlds with Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Heart’s Club Band. Jimi Hendrix ran into a “Foxey Lady” while in a “Purple Haze”, James Brown broke into a “Cold Sweat”, the Doors lit a fire and Aretha demanded “Respect”. And that’s not the half of it.
“Music in 1967 – Albums and Songs” are two posts that present Spotify playlists of some of the music of 1967. The playlists are alphabetically ordered by artist but were compiled with random playback in mind.
The Big Five . . .
Any year that saw the release of Sgt. Pepper’s would be great but The Beatles masterpiece was only one of a collection of groundbreaking albums released in 1967. In addition to Sgt. Pepper’s, Jimi Hendrix’s first album Are you Experienced?, The Doors self-titled debut, Jefferson Airplane’s first album with Grace Slick Surrealistic Pillow, and The Velvet Underground and Nico, were all released in 1967.
. . . and so much more
The first playlist doesn’t begin to exhaust the treasure trove of outstanding albums released in 1967. Here is a playlist that compiles some hand-picked tracks from a variety of other albums. You’ll notice there aren’t any Soul or R&B tracks on this playlist which will seem strange if you know me. There were so many outstanding recordings in Soul and R&B in 1967 that they’ve been collected in their own playlist that can be found in “Music in 1967 Part 2 – Songs“.
“And my soul has been psychedelicized”
This is the second of two posts that present Spotify playlists of music from 1967. See “Music in 1967 Part 1” for two album-focused playlists. With one exception, each playlist contains a unique set of tracks. The exception is a personal list that pulls a mix out of the 207 tracks that appear on the other playlists. The playlists are alphabetically ordered by artist but were compiled with random playback in mind.
Blues, Soul and R&B
There was so much going on in Soul and R&B in 1967 that it’s hard to know where to start. James Brown dropped “Cold Sweat” which some have called the first true funk track. Otis Redding delivered the magisterial Live in Europe along with King & Queen, a duet album with the great Carla Thomas. Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell sang “There Ain’t No Mountain High Enough”. Gladys Knight & The Pips “Heard It Through the Grapevine” on their debut album. And Aretha released the extraordinary album I Never Loved A Man the Way I Loved You which opened with Redding’s “Respect”.
Here is a collection of songs that didn’t fit anywhere else but were too good to be left out. For the most part these are tracks that I like and listeners are sure to find songs they love that aren’t included. Lulu’s “To Sir With Love” is here because it was the top selling single in the US in 1967. No songs by the Monkees are present because I couldn’t bring myself to include songs from a “band” that was built from a Hollywood casting call for a TV show in a year when Aretha demanded “Respect” while Sgt. Peppers reached previously unimagined heights of musical and technical creativity. Some songs such as Buffalo Springfield’s “For What It’s Worth” were released on album in 1966 but received widespread radio play in 1967.
A personal collection
Finally, here’s a playlist of 92 selections taken from the other four playlists. This is the one I play went I want to hear music from 1967. It’s a work in progress that changes frequently (it was at 91 tracks when I started writing this paragraph).
Credit: Loren Javier/flickr
Be careful if you’re shopping online this holiday season. Enigma Software, an online security company, reports that malware infections between Thanksgiving and Christmas increased by 42% from 2013 to 2014 and 82% from 2014 to 2015.
The malware attacks usually come disguised as email from a retailer that tells you there was a problem with a recent order or that advertises holiday price cuts. The email directs you to click a link to solve the problem or buy the sale item. Clicking the link loads malware or exploit kits into your system. These attacks increase in frequency from Black Friday until they reach their peak during the week before Christmas.
You can learn more about holiday malware and how to avoid it in my article How To Protect Yourself From Black Friday And Cyber Monday Malware Attacks.
John Podesta. Credit: Ralph Alswang at the Center for American Progress
Holiday-themed attacks are not the only way cyber criminals try to hack your system. Spear phishing is one of their more effective methods.
A spear phishing attack usually comes as an email that looks legitimate because it contains information that is personally meaningful to you. Again, it directs you to click a link that loads malware or exploit kits into your system.
The hack into John Podesta’s emails that caused so many problems for Hillary Clinton’s campaign was the result of a spear phishing attack. Podesta clicked the link.
My article How John Podesta’s Emails Were Hacked And How To Prevent It From Happening To You gives you more information about spear phishing and how you can avoid it.
A couple of years ago Google introduced its Content ID system to YouTube. Copyright holders upload their content to Content ID and whenever someone uploads a video to YouTube it’s matched against this massive content database. If any segment of the video matches copyrighted content, the copyright holder can block the video from being shown or monetize the video by inserting their own ads.
Gamers went berserk when Content ID went into effect. A lot of gamers were trying to eke out a living with gaming-oriented YouTube channels. If they could attract enough viewers, they could make money from ad revenues. Most of them weren’t making very much money but it might be the difference between paying the rent or the electric bill. When Content ID went into effect a lot the people doing this lost their income to the billion dollar companies that held the copyrights on the game clips that were being shown in the videos. Worse, sleaze artists with lawyers were claiming copyright on bits of music that appeared in games or that gamers used as background when no one knew who owned the copyright. The sleazers and their lawyers took whatever a money they could get from ads and ran before the scam was discovered only to do it again with another piece of obscure content.
While Google has never come up with a fully satisfactory solution to this problem, video-game critic Jim Sterling found a way to bork the system that is both simple and elegant. You can find out how he did it in “This Critic Used YouTube’s Copyright System To Short Circuit YouTube’s Copyright System“
Credit: Johns Hopkins University
In the early 1960s James West and his colleague Gerhard Sessler invented the electret microphone while they were working together at Bell Labs. The condenser mics that were being used at the time cost hundreds of dollars; an electret mic that would produce the same flat response across a wide frequency range cost pennies to make. Needless to say, the electret mic revolutionized the industry.
While the performance of electret mics has been improved since West and Sessler introduced them in 1964, the basic design hasn’t changed. That’s very uncommon in our world of rapid technological advance. Think about how phones have changed from the telephones used in the ’60s to today’s smartphones. One or another variant of West and Sessler’s electret mic is used in all of them. The same is true for the mics used to record the music we listen to, hearing aids, baby monitors and chat bots like Amazon’s Echo and Google’s forthcoming Home.
West didn’t just co-invent the electret mic, he is widely recognized as one of the all-time great inventors and electrical engineers. He has received many awards, holds numerous patents and has been inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame and the National Academy of Engineering. West values his scientific achievements but when asked by an interviewer what he would like his legacy to be, he focussed his attention on his unceasing and successful efforts to increase opportunity for minorities and women in scientific and technical fields.
West is an active proponent and a living example of why opening up education and opportunity to everyone benefits all of us. I’ve written a profile of him for Ars Technica. Give it a read, his story is remarkable.
Bubble Nebula. Credit: NASA/YouTube
NASA launched the Hubble Space Telescope 26 years ago on April 24, 1990. In celebration they decided to give us this birthday present.
The image is of the Bubble Nebula (NGC 7635). The bright star inside the blue bubble is a raging inferno that emits a solar wind of hot gases moving at 4 million miles per hour. Contact between the hot expanding gases and the cold gases in interstellar space creates the outer edge of the bubble. When oxygen is hot enough it emits the blue light seen in the image.
The bubble is seven light-years in diameter. (!!) That’s roughly 1.5 times the distance between our sun and Alpha Centauri, the star closest to our solar system. The star that is creating the bubble is 45 times as massive as the sun.
If you think the picture is amazing, check out this video.
Recent articles for Forbes
Deep learning is a type of AI that makes use of multi-layered artificial neural networks to do amazing things. I was a graduate student when neural networks first hit the world of cognitive science in the 1980s. We were blown away. Everything stopped while we delved into these new computational architectures and figured out how they worked. We thought they were going to do extraordinary things but it didn’t quite work out that way. Now, 30 years later, many of the problems that brought those early neural networks to their knees have been solved and the extraordinary things we dreamed of are starting to happen.
“What Is Deep Learning And How Is It Useful?” explains how deep learning networks work and why they are so useful. The piece also includes short descriptions of five companies that are doing interesting things with deep learning networks. Those five are cool, but there are a lot more companies making innovative use of deep learning. “Thirteen Companies That Use Deep Learning To Produce Actionable Results” presents a few of them.
If you find deep learning interesting, stay tuned. I’m in conversations with the co-founder and Chief Science Officer of a company applying state-of-the-art deep learning networks to applications in emotional AI, and with a research scientist in Grenoble who is doing very interesting things in the area of training deep learning networks. If all goes well, more articles for Forbes about deep learning will be coming.
Credit: Oculus Rift/YouTube
The Oculus Rift launched in late March and I wrote “Keeping Your Balance With An Oculus Rift” to provide some information that can keep people from falling and possibly getting hurt while using VR. The piece was adapted and updated from an article that appeared on Ars Technica. The Ars Technica piece grew out of an Info Monkey article about whether Daredevil has balance problems when he’s had too much to drink because he’s blind. The whole thing started when Daredevil’s friend Foggy asked him the blind+drink+balance question during one of the episodes of the TV show and I wondered about the answer. Start asking questions and you never know where it’s going to end up.
Finally, there a piece about a promotional campaign for Plume Labs, a company that gathers air pollution data and provides info via the internet and smartphone apps about daily pollution levels in cities all over the world. They built a small device that monitors pollution in the immediate environment. To draw attention to a Crowdfunder project to test the device, they outfitted a flock of trained racing pigeons with tiny backpacks containing the device and set them loose to gather local pollution data in London. If that sounds interesting, take a look at “Backpack-Wearing Pigeons Tweet About Air Pollution” to find out more.
That’s some of what’s new on Forbes. As always, you can find an up-to-date listing of my articles on my Forbes page.